Donnerstag, 26. Juli 2018

Women in Science: 100 years back -> 1918

July 23, 1918  - Emmy Noether published her famous theorem that every differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law.

1918  - Lina Stern who is best known for her pioneering work on the blood–brain barrier, was the first woman awarded professional rank at the University of Geneva, being a Professor of chemio-physiology, and researching cellular oxidation.

Stern-Gattiker Prize

In 2018, the SAMS has launched a new prize to recognize women in academic medicine and to motivate early-career female scientists. The prize is named after two women with distinguished medical careers: Lina Stern, who was the first woman to hold a professorship at the Faculty of Medicine in Geneva, and Ruth Gattiker, who was among the first female professors appointed at the Faculty of Medicine in Zurich.

Nadezhda Suslova (11 September 1843 – 20 April 1918) was Russia's first female physician.

Suslova's first  article, Changes in skin sensations under the influence of electrical stimulation, was published in Meditsinskiy Vestnik in 1862. In 1865, after women were officially banned from universities, she moved to Switzerland, partially influenced by the arrest of her siblings and Bokov and her husband for political activities. In Switzerland, she audited medical classes at the University of Zurich for two years, then became an official student when the university was opened to women. She had intended to study obstetrics in Paris for her doctoral research, but instead moved to St. Petersburg. For her dissertation, she researched the muscular reflexes of frogs and their relationship to the function of lymph hearts at Graz Medical University in Sechenov's lab. She graduated in 1867. Suslova was the first Russian woman to be awarded a Doctor of Medicine degree, which was conferred after having to defend her research and education in front of a large audience and the medical school faculty.

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